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花旗国的半边天

An Exploration of Women's Issues

 
 
 

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奥古斯塔国家高尔夫俱乐部:80年后开始允许女性加入(Augusta National: Admitting Women after 80 Years)  

2012-09-01 13:08:57|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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奥古斯塔国家高尔夫俱乐部是这个世界上最高级的俱乐部之一,要通过正式且严格的邀请才能加入。其中一些比较有名气的会员包括沃伦·巴菲特和比尔·盖茨。这个俱乐部以举办著名高尔夫锦标赛Masters’而出名,但也因其饱受争议的会员选拔方式而臭名昭著。俱乐部在1990年前从未允许过非裔美国人加入,而且,直到今年,俱乐部才刚刚废除拒绝女性的政策。以前的女性只允许作为男性会员的宾客来参加活动。今年年初,IMB的首席执行官,Virginia Rometty被拒绝加入俱乐部,但是按照惯例,奥古斯塔应向Master’s锦标赛的赞助者之一,IMB的CEO提供会员资格名额。尽管俱乐部在几年间不断被要求改变政策,但其一直都在接受女性会员这个问题上拖延时间。俱乐部始终没有正面回应它饱受争议的会员资格制度,并且强调这是俱乐部作为私人企业的自由权利。

奥古斯塔国家高尔夫俱乐部:80年后开始允许女性加入(Augusta National: Admitting Women after 80 Years) - 美国马尾妹 - 花旗国的半边天

 

Augusta National Golf Club is one of the most exclusive clubs on earth.  Membership is by strict invitation only, and some famous members include Warren Buffet and Bill Gates.  The club is most famous for hosting the Masters’, a prominent golf tournament, but it is also infamous for its controversial membership selection process.  The club did not admit African-Americans until 1990, and until this year, the club had adhered strictly to a no-women policy.  Women were only allowed to play at the club as guests of male members.  Earlier this year, IMB CEO, Virginia Rometty, was denied membership to the club.  Augusta National traditionally offered membership to the CEO of IMB, one of the sponsors of the Masters’ tournament.  Despite numerous calls for change over the years, the club has held out on accepting women, and has stood behind its controversial membership, citing the club’s rights as a private entity.    

Although Augusta National has a long history of admitting only men to the club, on August 20, 2012, Chairman Billy Payne announced that former Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice, and business executive, Darla Moore, would become the first two female members of the Augusta National.  Many women believe this is a step toward equality and both Rice and Moore were excited to be a part of the momentous occasion.  Golfers, both women and men, applauded the club’s decision to admit women.  Tiger Woods had long called for the acceptance of women and said the news was, “important to golf.”  With women being the fastest growing segment in golf, PGA Tour commissioner, Tim Finchem, stated that the inclusion of women sent “a positive and inclusive message for our sport.”  

 

Discussion Questions

            Have you ever heard of the Augusta National Golf Club?  What do you think about women finally being admitted membership to the club?  Why do you think the club finally allowed women to join after 80 years?、

讨论问题:

你有听说过奥古斯塔国家高尔夫俱乐部吗?你怎样看待女性终于有资格成为俱乐部会员?你认为俱乐部为什么在80年后终于开始允许女性加入?

Sources

USA Today. (2012). Augusta National admits two women, including Condoleezza Rice. Retrieved from  http://www.usatoday.com/sports/golf/story/2012-08-20/masters-admits-female-members-condoleezza-rice-darla-moore/57160252/1

The Washington Post. (2012). After nearly 80 years, Augusta National finally has women in green jackets_ 2 of them. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/after-nearly-80-years-augusta-national-finally-has-women-in-green-jackets-_-2-of-them/2012/08/20/e0f7bf8a-ead7-11e1-866f-60a00f604425_story.html

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