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花旗国的半边天

An Exploration of Women's Issues

 
 
 

日志

 
 

女性教育 (Women in Education)  

2012-07-16 09:43:07|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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据经合组织的调查显示, 在34个成员国中的32个国家里面,女性比男性更加容易完成中学教育. 只有在德国和瑞士女性的毕业率较低 . 在2009年,根据最新的数据显示,  55%的女性完成了她们的高中学业,而相比之下获得学位的男性只占43%.在丹麦,冰岛,葡萄牙, 斯洛文尼亚和西班牙, 女性的毕业率要高过男性10%.

女性教育 (Women in Education) - 美国马尾妹 - 花旗国的半边天

According to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), in 32 of the 34 member nations, women are more likely to complete their secondary education than men.  The only two nations with lower completion rates for women are Germany and Switzerland.  In 2009, the most current year for which data is available, 55% of women completed their upper secondary degrees, compared to 43% for men.  In Denmark, Iceland, Portugal, Slovenia, and Spain, the graduation rates for women are more  than 10% higher than the graduation rates o f men.    

Although women outpace men in completing their education, the OECD study did not take into account job obtainment, quality of education, or pay after graduation.  As previously discussed, women in many countries still face discrimination when searching for a job or obtaining equal pay.  However, the study did mention that women who drop out of school are more likely to have a poorer outcome than men who drop out of school.  The study also noted that failing to complete an education is a problem for both individuals and society, as these people are not prepared to enter the workforce.

Discussion Questions

Are you surprised to learn that more women complete their degrees than men?  Why do you think more women complete their degrees than men?  How can we (as individuals or society) continue to encourage women to complete their degrees?  Despite the fact that more women are earning their degrees than men,  as we have discussed before, women are still paid less.  Should women be demanding higher pay?  Is it enough for women to earn their degrees if they are not as effective for women as they are for men in securing a salary?

讨论:

完成学业的女性数量多过男性,这会让你觉得惊讶吗? 你认为这个现象的原因是什么?我们每个人以及社会要怎样继续支持女性来完成学业呢? 虽然女性更易获得学位,但根据我们之前的讨论,她们赚 的钱仍然要少于男性.女性应该要求更高的收入吗? 如果女性在争取报酬方面比不过男性的话 ,那么仅仅一个学位对她们来说足够吗?

Sources

The Economist. (2011). Degrees of equality. Retrieved from http://www.economist.com/ blogs/dailychart/2011/09/female-graduation-rates

OECD. (2011). Education at a glance 2011: OECD indicators. Retrieved from http:// www.oecd.org/dataoecd/61/2/48631582.pdf

 

 

       

 

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