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花旗国的半边天

An Exploration of Women's Issues

 
 
 

日志

 
 

“女孩效应”(The Girl Effect)  

2012-06-17 21:58:49|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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“女孩效应”(The Girl Effect) - 美国马尾妹 - 花旗国的半边天

 

      2009年达沃斯世界经济论坛中,一群精英提出了“女孩效应”的概念,呼吁世界关注女孩身上未被挖掘的潜力。这场名为“发展中的女孩效应”(The Girl Effect on Development)的研讨会云聚了众多商业精英、政治领袖和其他颇具影响力的嘉宾,由耐克集团、诺瓦公司、联合国以及女青少年联盟共同主办,主要目的是协助未成年女孩脱离贫困,从而让她们帮助解决整个世界的贫困问题。那些处于困难中的女孩,也许只需获取一点点的帮助,就能给身边的人群和社会带来最大的回报。

At the 2009 World Economic Forum, a group called the Girl Effect aimed to bring attention to the untapped resource of the world’s girls.  “The Girl Effect on Development” was successful in engaging world leaders, business leaders, and other people of power.  The main purpose of the Girl Effect, created by the Nike Foundation, the Novo Foundation, the United Nations Foundation, and the Coalition for Adolescent Girls, is to help adolescent girls end poverty for themselves and the world. 

The basis for selecting girls to end poverty is that educated girls will reinvest 90% of their income into their families and their community, compared to men, who will reinvest only about 30 to 40%.  The Girl Effect believes that improving conditions for girls in developing countries will start a ripple effect that will improve the lives of impoverished families and communities.  However, the group also recognizes that empowering girls is an uphill battle.  Currently, out of the world’s 130 million youth who are out of school, 70% are girls.  Furthermore, 1 in 7 girls in the developing world marry before the age of 15 and 38% marry before the age of 18.  25 to 50% of girls become mothers before the age of 18 and complications from pregnancy are the leading cause of death among girls age 15 to 19 worldwide.  The Girl Effect believes that the by changing these statistics, girls will help end global poverty.

Girls who are given a chance at an education and at ending the cycle of poverty will marry later and have fewer children.  The Girl Effect believes that every benefit that a girl receives from an education, marrying later, and having fewer children will be passed down to future generations, thereby ending poverty one girl at a time.  With so many girls in poverty, this initiative has the potential to help end poverty, and at the very least, can help to improve the living conditions and status of girls and women in the developing world.

Discussion Questions

       Do you think that the Girl Effect is a solution to the world’s poverty problems?  Can focusing on girls really start a ripple effect that will change the world?

讨论:你认为“女孩效应”有助于解决世界贫困问题吗?把关注点放在女孩身上,真的能在全世界引起连锁效应从而改变现状吗?

Sources

Girl Effect. (n.d.) The Girl Effect Data. Retrieved from http://www.girleffect.org/ uploads/documents/1/Girl_Effect_Fact_Sheet.pdf

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