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花旗国的半边天

An Exploration of Women's Issues

 
 
 

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派特斯.敏柯——她用一生为少数人而战(Patsy Mink: Expanding Opportunities for Minorities)  

2012-02-27 13:48:30|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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派特丝?敏柯——她用一生为少数人而战(Patsy Mink: Expanding Opportunities for Minorities) - 美国马尾妹 - 花旗国的半边天

 每一位有机会在学校参与运动的美国女孩都应该对派特斯·敏柯说一声感谢。1965年 , 敏柯代表夏威夷州第一次当选为众议员,也是美国历史上第一位担任众议员的非白人女性和美国第一位亚裔女议员。她曾经奋力争取女权、民权的公平以及经济的公义,追求和平,热爱民主。她坚信女性理应获得与男性同等的机会,特别是平等的受教育机会。敏柯本人也遭受过各种歧视,因此她在政治生涯中特别致力于为少数族裔、移民、女性和儿童争取权益。

In America, every girl who participates in a high school or college sport has Patsy Takemoto Mink to thank for it.  Mink was first elected to the House of Representatives in 1965 as a representative of Hawaii’s second district.  She was also the first woman of color to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives and the first Asian-American congresswoman.  Mink was a passionate fighter for equal rights for women and also fought for civil rights, economic and civil justice, civil liberties, peace, and democracy.  She strongly believed that women should be afforded the same opportunities as men, especially in regards to access to education.  Having faced discrimination in her own life, Mink spent her political career working for the rights of minorities, immigrants, women, and children.

       During a time when women faced many disadvantages simply because of their gender, Patsy Mink proved to be one of the few women who would not give up or back down.  She received her law degree in 1951 during a time when women made up only three percent of lawyers in the United States.  When Mink was first elected to the House of Representatives, she was one of only eight women in the entire U.S. Congress.  Despite being a minority in several ways, she was both a woman and an Asian-American, Mink did not feel she was at a disadvantage.  Rather, she used her minority status to gain support for her platforms and to help others to understand the issues that minority groups faced.    

       Although Patsy Mink is remembered for her impact on many areas of equality, she is most remembered for her substantial role in sponsoring and authoring Title IX, a bill that specifically states that people cannot be denied participation or benefits in education on the basis of gender.  The bill was signed into law in 1972 and helped to expand opportunities for women in both classroom and academic settings.  After Mink’s passing in 2002, Title IX was renamed the Patsy T. Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act.  

Note:  This blog is the first of a two-part series.  Next week, we will look into Title IX and the effects of Patsy Mink’s efforts on women in education and sports. 

Discussion Questions:

       Have you heard of Patsy Mink?  How do you think her story can continue to inspire women even after her passing?  What other women do you know of that have made significant advances for women and women’s rights?

你听说过派特斯·敏柯吗?在她逝世后,她的事迹是如何依然继续鼓舞一代又一代妇女的?你还知道其他为争取女权而作出过杰出贡献的妇女吗?

Sources:

Williams, W. (n.d.) A History of Women at Georgetown University Law Center. Retrieved from https://www.law.georgetown.edu/alumni/publications/2001/magazine/women_history.html

Women in Congress. (2007). Patsy T. Mink. Retrieved from http://womenincongress.house.gov/ member-profiles/profile.html?intID=173

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