注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

花旗国的半边天

An Exploration of Women's Issues

 
 
 

日志

 
 

更衣室里的性别歧视:女体育记者“伤不起” (Locker Room Sexism: Women in the Sports Media )  

2011-10-17 00:44:17|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
在美国文化中,人们自古以来就习惯把体育运动和男子气概相提并论。不仅所有最受追捧的体育球队成员全是须眉英雄,就连整个体育观赏文化也是男性至上。过去,体育记者都是男性,也是体育文化男性化的体现。但近几十年来,这种情况开始逐渐转变,当前越来越多女性成为了体育记者。遗憾的是,有人认为体育文化是男人的专属,女人不该过问,这种明显的性别歧视使今天越来越多女体育记者遭受欺压。
更衣室里的性别歧视:女体育记者“伤不起” (Locker Room Sexism: Women in the Sports Media ) - 美国马尾妹 - 花旗国的半边天
 
In American culture, sports and masculinity are traditionally linked in the public's consciousness. Not only are the most popularly followed sports teams always all-male, but also the whole culture surrounding sports spectatorship is male-oriented. In the past, one emblem of this male-orientated sports culture was that sports reporters were always male. Over the past few decades, however, that has begun to slowly change and today, more women than ever are building careers as sports reporters. Unfortunately, many of today's female sports reporters, and even more of those who came before them, still face opposition born out of sexist belief that women should leave sports to men.

When women first began taking jobs as sports reporters in the seventies and eighties, they faced an extraordinary amount of resistance and discrimination at the hands of sports fans, athletes, coaches, and fellow sports reporters. Female reporters were often denied the same access to athletes as their male counterparts. In particular, many were barred from teams' locker rooms, where post-game interviews traditionally take place. Women who did manage to fight their way to locker room interviews were frequently the victims of sexual harassment that ranged from catcalls and lewd comments to bodily intimidation. Many women were reluctant to report these incidents for fear of losing their jobs so for many years, the endemic sexism plaguing sports journalism went unnoticed. However, in 1990, the issue was finally brought to the forefront after a particularly nasty incident of sexual harassment was finally investigated by a major sports association, the National Football League (NFL). In this incident, a twenty-six-year-old female reporter entered a football locker room, only to be surrounded by a group of naked players making suggestive gestures while verbally assaulting her. The investigation of this incident led to greater regulation and protection of female sports reporters' rights.

In part because of this, female sports reporters face much less discrimination and sexual harassment than their counterparts just a few decades ago did. Female sports reporters' right to enter locker rooms free from the threat of sexual harassment is now protected by various rules and regulations. However, that is not to say that resistance to women in this traditionally male-dominated field has vanished entirely. Early in October of this year, a female sports reporter received hundreds of sexist message via email after she wrote a negative article about a football team. Many of the team's fans, angered by her criticism, chose to attack the reporter for her gender rather than the legitimacy of her comments. Amongst a slew of profanities and gendered insults were comments like, “Maybe your article will help get women like you removed from sports media” and “Maybe you should stay in the kitchen next time”. This woman's experience, though perhaps not as traumatizing as those of some of her predecessors, clearly indicates women in the sports media are still haunted by a particularly resilient strain of sexism that dictates that men have proprietorship of sports and sports culture.


讨论:体育文化中还有哪些部分体现了它男性至上的一面? (Discussion Question: What other elements of sports culture are male-orientated?)


Sources:
"Buffalo Bills Fans To Sports Writer Jennifer Gish: 'Stay In The Kitch." The Huffington Post. N.p.,
     29 Sept. 2011. Web. 16 Oct. 2011.
Gish, Jennifer. "Another group deserves respect." timesunion.com. Hearst Communications, Inc, 29
     Sept. 2011. Web. 16 Oct. 2011.
Ricchiardi, Sherry. "Offensive Interference." American Journalism Review. N.p., Dec.-Jan. 2005. Web.
     16 Oct. 2011.

Image:
By Wordbuilder (Own work) [GFDL (www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons
  评论这张
 
阅读(1010)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017