注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

花旗国的半边天

An Exploration of Women's Issues

 
 
 

日志

 
 

男女间的家务分担 (Men and Women Do the Chores-- Together?)  

2011-08-16 01:06:16|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

男女间的家务分担 (Men and Women Do the Chores-- Together?) - 美国马尾妹 - 花旗国的半边天
 根据大众的意见和各种学术研究显示,妇女(特别是职业妇女)都比男人更勤劳。她们背负起处理家务和照料孩子的重担,也就是说在公司工作了一整天,回到家里还得无薪“加班料理家务。然而,最近时代周刊的一篇文章对这种普遍的看法提出了质疑。Ruth Davis Konigsberg 出,在“家务大战”中,男人和妇女其实是并肩作战,男女间的家务分工比很多人们想象的要公平得多。


According to popular opinion and numerous academic studies, women-- in particular, working mothers-- work harder than men. They bear the brunt of the responsibility for completing household chores and providing childcare, meaning that after a long day at the office, they put in hours of unpaid labor at home. However, a recent article in Time Magazine challenges this widespread notion. In “Chore Wars,” Ruth Davis Konigsberg suggests that the division of labor between men and women is actually much more equal than most people expect.


The perception that women work harder than men gained much of its momentum from a hugely successfully book, The Second Shift, published in 1989. In the book, Arlie Russell Hochschild revealed a huge disparity in the amount of labor men and women performed each week. As women entered the workforce, their domestic responsibilities did not decrease to reflect the amount of work they did outside of the home. On average, women were working fifteen hours more then men every week.


Over two decades after the publication of The Second Shift, the book's findings are still widely discussed and frequently appear in discussions of gender equality. However, the book's statistics are now outdated. According to Konigsberg and multiple academic studies, shifting cultural ideals are encouraging men to take on more domestic responsibilities by helping out with childcare and chipping in on chores. A recent study by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics found that working women with children under the age of eighteen do only twenty minutes more of combined paid and unpaid labor than working men with children of the same age. This difference is the smallest ever reported and seems to suggest that the inequity of labor that used to exist between men and women has all but vanished.


There are a few caveats to this finding. First of all, the disparity is significantly larger when a couple's children are younger. While the difference seems negligible overall, working women with children under six work five hours more a week than working men with children of the same age. When their children need the most care, it is generally women that put in the extra hours. It is only once the time needed for childcare decreases as the children get older that women are able to scale back their work at home and that their overall labor contribution begins to near that of men. Another thing that is important to note is the difference in the quality of free time that men and women enjoy. Kongisberg suggests that although men and women currently have similar amounts of leisure time, women's leisure time is often of lower quality because they are more likely to have to multitask. They enjoy their leisure activities, such as reading a book or watching TV, while simultaneously looking after their children. As a result, they experience frequent interruptions and their “free” time is less restful than men's, which is generally enjoyed separately from domestic responsibilities. This leaves women feeling more exhausted and fuels the notion that women are harder-working and more time-pressed than men.


With her article, Konigsberg attempts to bring a degree of complexity to the discussion of labor division, which is too often discussed in black-and-white terms. Her overall message, however, is not so very complex-- endlessly discussing how women work harder doesn't solve anything, compromise is more important than complaining.


讨论:男女如何分担家务才更公平?(Discussion Question: How can men and women more equitably divide household chores?)


Sources:

Konigsberg, Ruth Davis. "Chore Wars." Time Magazine 8 Aug. 2011: n. pag. Print. 

Image:

[CC-BY-SA-3.0 (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

  评论这张
 
阅读(342)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017