注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

花旗国的半边天

An Exploration of Women's Issues

 
 
 

日志

 
 

妇女选举:在曲折中前进 (Suffering for Suffrage: Women and Voting)  

2011-06-10 11:06:23|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
妇女选举:在曲折中前进 (Suffering for Suffrage: Women and Voting) - 美国马尾妹 - 花旗国的半边天
 近年来的美国总统选举中,女公民投票人数比男公民略高。美 国统计局的数据显示,有66%女性投票,但男性投票率只有62%。这个差别也许看起来微不足道,但其实意味深远,要知道一个世纪以前美国女性完全没有投票的权利。争取妇女投票权 曾是一段漫长艰难的历程,如此看来却很值得。不过在历史上遭受过多强烈反对,今日的美国妇女从不吝行使她们的投票权并以其为各种政治 目标提供支持。


      In the most recent American presidential election, women had slightly higher voter turnout than men did: according to the U.S. Census, 66 percent of women voted while only 62 percent of men did.  While this difference may seem negligible, it is significant given the fact that less than a century ago, American women were not able to vote at all.  The battle for women's suffrage was a long and arduous one, but it was one well worth fighting.  Despite the fierce opposition that they historically faced, American women today are not shy about exercising their right to vote and use their votes to support a wide variety of political causes.


      Although there had been scattered advocates for women's rights before, it was not until the nineteenth century that the women's movement in America began to organize effectively and forcefully demand equal rights for women.  Women's suffrage quickly became the central concern of this movement because proponents believed that once women were granted the right to vote, they could use their subsequent political influence to secure other rights for women.  In their campaign for suffrage, women formed organizations such as the National Woman Suffrage Association, organized marches and pickets, and even illegally voted in elections.  Many suffragists were put in jail for their activities and many of those jailed went on hunger strikes to protest and to draw attention to their cause.  Their efforts were finally rewarded in 1920, when an amendment to the U.S. Constitution finally granted women the right to vote.  In their day, suffragists were punished and villainized for their activism, but today, they are revered as heroes who fought for what was right.


      Since American women have gained the right to vote, a lot of politicians and political analysts have devoted attention to the idea of the “women's vote”.  Many seem to be under the impression that by taking a certain stance on so-called “women's issues,” political candidates can gain the support of women voters and thereby improve their chances of being elected.  This sort of thinking runs the risk of gross simplification: there is really no such thing as the “women's vote” because women voters are by no means a monolithic group with identical political beliefs.  Though it is true that a person's gender may impact their political beliefs, it is not the sole influencing factor.  Indeed, according to the polling organization Gallup, women voters are divided on many of the issues commonly labeled as key women's issues, such as the legality of abortion.  Though an issue such as abortion might justifiably be considered a women's issue because it more directly affects women than it does men, there is no stance on the issue universally held by women.  A woman's opinion on the matter is often more likely to be influenced by her religious beliefs or social position than it is by the fact that she is female.  Thus, though politicians may seek to boost their campaigns by capturing the “women's vote”, doing so is not as straightforward as they might assume it to be.  Political opinions and voting tendencies are just as varied among women as they are among men.  
 
 


讨论:性别在什么程度上影响一个人的政治信仰?(Discussion Question: To what extent does a person's gender impacts their political beliefs?)



Sources:

Saad, Lydia. "Pondering 'Women's Issues.'" Gallup.com. Gallup, 11 Feb. 2003. Web. 9 June 2011. 
     <http://www.gallup.com/poll/7774/pondering-womens-issues-part.aspx>. 

"The History Of Women's Suffrage." League of Women Voters of Nashville. League of Women Voters,
Web. 9 June 2011. <lwvnet.org/tn/nashville/files/the_history_of_womens_suffrage.pdf>.
"Voter Turnout Increases by 5 Million in 2008 Presidential Election, U.S. Census Bureau Reports." 
     U.S. Census Bureau Newsroom. U.S. Census Bureau, 20 July 2009. Web. 9 June 2011. 
     <http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/voting/cb09-110.html>. 

Image:

Woman suffrage headquarters in Upper Euclid Avenue, Cleveland Library of Congress [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

  评论这张
 
阅读(86)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017