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花旗国的半边天

An Exploration of Women's Issues

 
 
 

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灵活的工作模式对职业母亲的影响 (Working Mothers and Flexible Work Schedules)  

2011-05-24 08:22:08|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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灵活的工作模式对职业母亲的影响 (Working Mothers and Flexible Work Schedules) - 美国马尾妹 - 花旗国的半边天
 

过去,人们认为妇女一生了小孩就理应辞去工作,留在家里照顾孩子。既要工作又要带小孩的母亲处于一种困境;她们的工作时间地点不灵活,有时候需要陪伴孩子,却不得不离家工作。在过去三十年间,职业母亲的数量大幅增加:在2009年,儿女年龄在18岁以下的美国母亲里,有73%是职业女性,与1975年的47%形成了强烈的对比。尽管这某程度上是由于越来越多的妇女依赖保姆和幼稚园来照顾小孩,自己可以按照传统的时间表工作。但另一个更重要的原因是近来出现一种潮流,趋向于使办公模式灵活化。随着新技术的开发,远程办公越来越可行,很多公司都允许员工打破传统的工作模式,在办公室以外工作。很多职员都从中受益,但职业母亲是这种灵活工作模式的最大受惠者,因为这允许她们有效地分配精力,兼顾工作和照顾小孩的责任。


It used to be normal, expected even, for women to quit their jobs once they had children so that they could stay at home and care for them.  Women who tried to work and raise their children simultaneously were faced with the difficulty of inflexible work schedules that required them to be away from home when they wanted or needed to be with their children.  The last thirty years has brought a drastic increase in the number of working mothers: in 2009, 73% of American women with children under age 18 participated in the workforce as opposed to in 1975, when only 47% did so.  Although part of this increase is due to the increasing number of women who rely on nannies and daycare services that enable them to work on a traditional schedule, a significant part can be accounted for by a recent trend toward more flexible work schedules.   As new technology has made working remotely more practical, companies have become more willing to allow their employees work untraditional hours away from the office.  Many women (and men) are taking advantage of this new possibility of flexibility, but working mothers find this flexibility especially beneficial because it allows them to more effectively juggle the responsibilities of a job or career and caring for their children.

 

The movement toward flexible work schedules is part of a larger movement toward a more results-oriented workforce.  Many companies today recognize that the amount of time employees actually spend in the office is insignificant as long as they deliver the expected results.  With technology like email, video conferencing, and instant messaging, it is easier for workers to communicate with their employers and turn in their results remotely.  I recently read an article in the Washington Post about working mothers who use the greater working flexibility that technology affords to spend time with their children.  The women featured in the article said that they enjoy having the ability to set their own hours and work from home because it means they can take breaks from working to spend time with their children when they come home from school.  Even though they could hire nannies or childcare services to look after their children after school, these women appreciate being able to be there themselves because it allows them to have a meaningful presence in their children's lives.


Whether or not flexible schedules are actually feasible, of course, depends on the type of work being done.  Many of the jobs that allow employees to design their own schedules are contracting jobs.  While these sorts of jobs are conducive for working from home, they have definite disadvantages.  Contracting jobs usually have no benefits or long-term job security and generally have fewer opportunities for advancement than traditional office-based jobs.  Additionally, workers who choose to work on a flexible schedule at home are often forced to accept reduced hours with reduced pay.  Nonetheless, many women see flexible schedules as the best solution for the difficulty of managing their responsibilities at work and at home.

 



讨论:你认为这种灵活工作模式的优点是否大于缺点?(Discussion Question: Do you think the benefits of flexible work schedules outweigh the disadvantages?)




Sources:

Schulte, Brigid. "Opting Out of 9-to-5." The Washington Post 8 May 2011: n. pag. The Washington

     Post. Web. 23 May 2011. <http://www.washingtonpost.com/newssearch/

     search.html?st=working+mothers+technology&fn=&sfn=&sa=np&cp=2&hl=true&sb=-1&sd=&ed=&blt=&bln=&sdt=&dp

     p=10&scoa=Past+60+days&addedNav=>.

 

United States. U.S. Department of Commerce and Executive Office of the President Office of

     Management and Budget. Women in America: Indicators of Social and Economic Well-Being. N.p.,

     May 2011. Web. 23 May 2011.


Image:

Woman on computer

1 May 2001(2001-05-01)

Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/extraketchup/749315946/ Author: Extra Ketchup

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