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花旗国的半边天

An Exploration of Women's Issues

 
 
 

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大学校园里针对女生的敌对行为 (Hostility Toward Women On College Campuses)  

2011-04-29 04:57:46|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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大学校园里针对女生的敌对行为 (Hostility Toward Women On College Campuses) - 美国马尾妹 - 花旗国的半边天
 

尽管法律保障女学生在安全的环境下接受教育的权 利,大学校园对女生来说还是非常危险。一项被多次引用的数据表明,四个女大学生中就有一个曾被强奸或被试图强奸。强奸无疑是女大学生面临的最大威胁,但除 此之外,仍有很多其他因素共同构成了一个危险环境,让女大学生如坐针毡。值得注意的是,针对女性的贬损或暴力性语言在校园中十分猖獗,其透露出的敌意随处 可见。事实上,美国的所有大学都已经在奋力为女学生培养一种更为安全和谐的校园文化。


Despite laws designed to guarantee female students safe access to education, college campuses can still be dangerous environments for young women. One frequently cited statistic states that one in four female college students has been the victim of rape or attempted rape. However, although rape is the most severe threat posed to college women, many other elements can contribute to create an environment in which women feel threatened. Notable among these, the use of derogatory and violent language aimed at women can create an overall sense of hostility on a college campus. Indeed, colleges all over America struggle to foster a campus culture that is safe and welcoming for female students.


Whether or not an environment seems hostile toward women is obviously greatly affected by the frequency of such instances of physical and verbal abuse. However, it is frequently the perception that a university appears tolerant of this abuse that causes a series of isolated incidents to be seen as indicative of the community's environment. If students believe that the university is taking sexual harassment and assault issues seriously, they will feel that the campus culture is intolerant of hostility toward women. Furthermore, consistently strict disciplinary punishment for sexual hostility should also discourage students from helping perpetuate the problem, thus actually decreasing the frequency of acts of hostility.


A group of students and graduates of Yale University recently filed a formal complaint against the university, accusing it of having a hostile sexual environment. Yale has suffered a lot of negative media attention and public scrutiny because of this complaint, which has brought to light shocking examples of aggression and harassment by some male students toward female students. However, the broader issue of hostility toward female students exemplified by the specific incidents mentioned in the complaint is unfortunately by no means particular to Yale.


Unfortunately, it is often the case that students feel that the university is not adequately addressing the problem. In the complaint filed against Yale, the women claim that Yale officials discouraged rape victims from reporting the crime to the police and urged them to address the issue within the Yale disciplinary system instead. The complaint criticizes that system for not taking a hard enough stance against sexual violence, stating that male students found guilty of rape were not expelled from the university but rather allowed to continue to attend class with the women they victimized. Again, Yale is not the only university to face this issue; colleges all over the U.S. struggle to create disciplinary systems that adequately protect their female students. It is when students perceive that they fail to do so that the hostility of a campus is truly cemented. In these cases, universities risk being perceived as viewing male student rights as more important than that of female students. If a university fails to respond adequately to incidents of physical and verbal abuse directed toward women, then it also fails to decrease the hostile environment caused by the acts themselves and actually contributes to such an environment by giving the impression that women's rights and safety are unimportant.


讨论:个人可以采取哪些措施来帮助减少社区环境对女性的威胁  (Discussion Question: What can individuals do to help make community environments less hostile to women?)


Sources:
Foderaro, Lisa W. "At Yale, Sharper Look at Treatment of Women." The New York Times 7 Apr. 2011: n.pag. The New York Times. Web. 22 Apr. 2011. <http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/08/nyregion/08yale.html?_r=1>.

Photo: By Kane5187 (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
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